Bursa ilinin ingilizce tanıtım yazısı ve ingilizce tarihi. İllerimizin ingilizce tanıtımları.
BURSA, a city in northwestern Turkey, the capital of Bursa province, is located about 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Mudanya and 42 miles (68 km) southwest of Yalova—its ports on the Sea of Marmara—at the hub of a good highway system. It was formerly known as Brusa.
Bursa is situated at the base of the 8,179-foot (2,493-meter) Uludağ, in a fertile plain known for its fine fruit, vegetables, and cypresses. The city is a celebrated spa and ski resort and a tourist center with good hotels. There is a cable car that ascends Uludağ. The city is unusually rich in natural fountains and is famous for its hot iron and sulfur springs. It is a favorite place for Turks to retire. Once the silk center of the Ottoman Empire, Bursa now manufactures only a limited amount of silk goods.
The stronghold of Bursa, about 1 mile (1.6 km) in circumference, dates from pre-Ottoman times. The city has a number of noteworthy mosques, which exhibit a variety of influences: Arab (Ulu Cami, or Great Mosque), Persian (Yeşil Cami, or Green Mosque), and even Western (Muradiye Mosque). The mausoleums of early sultans make Bursa the pantheon of the Ottoman Empire; the most famous is the Yeşil Türbe, or Green Mausoleum, built for Mehmed I in 1419.
Bursa stands on the site of ancient Prusa, probably founded by Prusias II (2d century b. c.), king of Bithynia, at the suggestion of the Carthaginian general Hannibal. It later became one of the most flourishing cities of the Byzantine Empire. Upon its capture in 1326 by Orhan, Bursa became the Ottoman capital. In the 14th and 15th centuries the city was the heart of the Ottoman state, and it remained the spiritual center even after the capital was moved to Edirne (Adrianople) during the reign of Murad I (1362-1389). Population: (1960) 153,866.