Domuzun ingilizce tanıtımı. Domuz, Pig nasıl bir hayvandır, yaşam koşulları, özellikleri ile ilgili ingilizce bilgi, facts, yazı.
Despite their reputation, pigs are not dirty animals. They’re actually quite clean. The pig’s reputation as a filthy animal comes from its habit of rolling in mud to cool off. Pigs that live in cool, covered environments stay very clean.
Pigs are also known as hogs or swine. Male pigs of any age are called boars; female pigs are called sows. Pigs are found and raised all over the world, and provide valuable products to humans, including pork, lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and a variety of medicines. Most pigs raised in the United States are classified as meat-type pigs, as they produce more lean meat than lard, a fat used in cooking.
In the wild, pigs eat everything from leaves, roots, and fruit to rodents and small reptiles. In the United States, farm-raised pigs eat commercially made diets of mostly corn. In Europe, pigs eat barley-based diets. Pigs have sharp tusks that help them dig and fight. Farmers often take off the tusks to avoid injury to people and other pigs.
Sows give birth to a litter of young called piglets. They usually nurse the piglets for three to five weeks. Piglets weaned off their mother’s milk are not called piglets but are referred to as shoats.
Piglets weigh about 2.5 pounds (1.1 kilograms) at birth, and usually double their weight in one week. Fully grown, pigs can grow to between 300 and 700 pounds (140 and 300 kilograms), and sometimes much more. Pigs have poor eyesight, but a great sense of smell. The pig’s nostrils are on its leathery snout, which is very sensitive to touch. The pig uses the snout to search, or root, for food.
Pigs are among the smartest of all domesticated animals and are even smarter than dogs.
Interesting Pig Facts:
- Pig can reach 35 to 71 inches in length and 110 to 770 pounds of weight.
- Pig has thick, pinkish to brownish skin covered with sparse hair.
- Pig has large head, elongated snout, small eyes, triangular ears, large body and short stubby legs.
- Pig has large, round disk of cartilage on top of the snout which is flexible and strong at the same time. It is used for digging of soil in search for food. Pig has excellent sense of smell which is highly appreciated in some parts of Europe, where this animal is trained for search of truffles (type of expensive and rare mushroom that grows under the ground).
- Pig has 44 teeth. Canine teeth in males are transformed into large tusks.
- Pig is an omnivore. It likes to eat different types of vegetables, fruits, bugs, fungi and roots.
- Pig is very intelligent and curious animal. According to some studies, pigs are smarter than 3-years-old kids and dogs.
- Pig is very clean animal. It has special areas for peeing/defecation, which are away from areas for sleeping and eating. Even newly born pigs use these “toilets”.
- Pig wallows in the water or mud to prevent overheating, damaging effects of the sun and to remove parasites from the body.
- Pigs are social creatures. They create close bonds with other members of the group and keep physical contact even during the night (neighbors are “connected” via noses). Pigs dream just like humans.
- Despite its size, pig can reach the speed of 11 miles per hour.
- Pigs use 20 different sounds to express their feelings. They are best known for squeals, oinks and grunting noise.
- Pigs are peaceful animals, except during the nursing period. Females reach sexual maturity at the age of 3 to 12 months and give birth to 6 to 12 babies (piglets) after pregnancy of 112 to 120 days. Piglets can easily recognize and instantly respond to the sound of the voice of their mother.
- Pigs are often used in medical experiments because of their organs which are very similar (in size and anatomy) with human’s organs. Pig’s insulin can be used as a substitute for human insulin in treatment of diabetes.
- Pig has an average lifespan of 6 to 10 years.