S harfiyle başlayan ingilizce hayvanların isimleri, Türkçe karşılıkları.. Baş harfi S olan ingilizce hayvanlar ve Türkçeleri.
S Harfiyle Başlayan İngilizce Hayvanlar
SABLE – SAMUR
Sables have a body length between 32 and 46 cms (12.5 – 18 inches), a tail length between 14 and 18 cms (5.5 – 7 inches) and they weigh between 0.9 and 2 kgs (2 – 4.5 lbs). Their colour ranges from light to dark brown and they have a light patch of fur on their throat. Sables can be found in the forests, flat lands and mountainous areas of north and east Asia. Sables mainly feed on small mammals, small birds, eggs, fish, fruit and nuts.
SALAMANDER – SEMENDER
A salamander is an amphibian that has four legs, a long and slender body and a long tail. Despite their lizard-like appearance, salamanders are most closely related to the smaller amphibious lizard, the newt. Salamanders are found all over the world generally in more temperate climates. All species of salamander are aquatic or semi-aquatic due to their amphibious nature and permeable skin. The moist skin of the salamander means that the salamander inhabits aquatic regions or wetlands.
SALMON – SOMON BALIĞI
Salmon, originally, the large fish now usually called the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), though more recently the name has been applied to similar fishes of the same family (Salmonidae), especially the Pacific salmon, which constitute the genus Oncorhynchus.
SAOLA – SAOLA
The Saola is a species of Antelope natively found in the forests on the border of north-central Vietnam and Laos. They are one of the most recently discovered large mammals in the world but are now also believed to be one of the rarest with estimated population numbers just in the tens of individuals. Although the Saola closely resembles the Arabian Desert Antelopes, they are thought to be more closely related to Wild Cattle. The Saola is such a distinctive and unique animal, that after their discovery in 1992, they were given a taxonomic group of their own. They are incredibly rare and elusive mammals, and still today, very little is actually known about the Saola. The Saola is also known as the Asian Unicorn, which is not thought to be particularly related to its long horns, but more the fact that it is just so rare.
SCORPION – AKREP
The scorpion is an eight-legged carnivorous anthropod, that are found worldwide. There are around 2,000 different species of known scorpion found in most countries around the world today. Scorpions are arachnids (not insects) and the scorpion is most closely related to spiders and ticks. Female scorpions give birth to live young in litters that can range from 4 baby scorpions to 8 or 9 baby scorpions. The baby scorpion climbs onto the back of the mother scorpion almost immediately after birth.
SEA DRAGON – DENİZ EJDERİ
The sea dragon is a small, delicate fish found in the tropical coastal waters of south and west Australia. Sea dragons look similar to and are in fact closely related to sea horses. There are two different species of sea dragon which are the leafy sea dragon and the weedy sea dragon. Although both sea dragon species have a similar body shape and size, they are very different in appearance.
SEAHORSE – DENİZ ATI
The seahorse is a small species of vertebrate that is found in the tropical shallows and temperate waters around the world. The sea horse is also commonly found around coral reefs where there is plenty of food and places for the seahorse to hide. The seahorse is most closely related to a pipe fish although, the seahorse does not have scales like most fish and instead the seahorse has a bone structure that is made up of little plates and covered with a thin layer of skin.
SEA LION – DENİZ ASLANI
Sea Lions are found in all climates, in both the north and southern hemispheres and every ocean with the exception of the Atlantic Ocean. The sea lion is often seen around the big harbours of the world where groups of sea lions gather together to feed and bask in the sun.
SEA SQUIRT – TULUMLULAR
The sea squirt is an immobile filter feeder that live on the ocean floor. Despite their plant-like appearance, sea squirts are actually more closely related to vertebrates than they are to invertebrates such as sponges and coral.There are more than 3,000 known sea squirt species found on the seabed around the world, with the majority of sea squirt species being found in the warmer, nutrient-rich tropical waters.
SEA TURTLE – DENİZ KAPLUMBAĞASI
Sea turtles are found in all of the major oceans and smaller seas with the exception of the Arctic Circle as it is generally too cold for sea turtles as they tend to prefer more temperate waters. The bigger species of sea turtle are found more in the Southern Hemisphere in the tropical, warmer waters.
SEA URCHIN – DENİZ KESTANESİ
The sea urchin is found across the ocean floors worldwide, but rarely in the colder, polar regions. Sea urchins are commonly found along the rocky ocean floor in both shallow and deeper water and sea urchins are also commonly found inhabiting coral reefs. There are nearly 200 different species of recognised sea urchin, that come in all shapes and sizes. Some sea urchins are covered in long thin spikes where others have a hard shell that is made up of chalky plates.
SERVAL – YABANİ KEDİ
The Serval is a medium-sized species of cat that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, mainly in covered areas that are close to water. Thought to be most closely related to the African Golden Cat and the Caracal, the Serval is one of the most distinctive felines on the African continent with its spotted fur and long limbs giving it the appearance of a small Cheetah. Servals have excellent smell, sight and hearing which helps them to detect prey both in the long grass and even underground, with their large and rounded ears being able to rotate independently to pinpoint small animals close-by.
Although they inhabit tropical and temperate oceanic waters, some sharks have an incredible adaptability that allows them to enter cold areas and bodies of freshwater, such as rivers and lakes. More than 450 shark species dwell throughout the oceans around the world at different latitudes, depths, temperatures, or salinity levels, but there are areas where they concentrate more because they find the optimum conditions to live.
SHEEP – KOYUN
Sheep are medium-sized herbivorous mammals that graze on grass and berries. Sheep are mainly farmed for their meat and wool but sheep are also occasionally farmed for their milk (although milking sheep is much rarer than milking goats or cows).
SIAMESE CAT – SİYAM KEDİSİ
The Siamese cat is one of the oldest breeds of cat, thought to have originated from the Siamese temple cats in today’s Thailand (then known as Siam). The Siamese cat has similar features to the Birman cat, another ancient oriental temple cat from Myanmar
SILKWORM – İPEKBÖCEĞİ
Female silkworm lays about 500 eggs at a time. She lays eggs on the leaves of mulberry trees. The eggs are covered with gelatinous secretion by which they stick to the leaves. Female moth(silkworm) lays eggs and die after laying eggs as she does not eat anything. The eggs are kept in a cool place so that they can be stored for a long time. In a favourable condition,they hatch into larva. Larvae are produced in about 2 weeks from eggs at a temperature of 18 to 25 degree Celsius.
SILURIDAE – YAYIN BALIĞI
Although silurids occur across much of Europe and Asia, they are most diverse in Southeast Asia, beyond which their diversity decreases in temperate East Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Southwest Asia, and Europe. Silurids are apparently absent from much of central Asia. The family can be divided into two groups, a temperate Eurasian clade and a more diverse subtropical/tropical south and southeast Asian clade.
SKUNK – KOKARCA
The skunk (also known as the polecat) is most commonly known for their ability to secrete a foul, strong smelling odour from their rear end, when the skunk feels that it is under threat. The average skunk is between 40 and 70cm in height and weighs about the same as a domestic cat. The skunk hunts insects, small birds and mammals. Skunks also commonly eat berries, roots, grasses and fungi in order to supplement their diet.
SNAIL – SALYANGOZ
The snail is a small to medium sized mollusc that is generally split into three groups which are land snails, sea snails and freshwater snails. There are nearly 1,000 different species of snail that are spread throughout the world’s continents.
SNAKE – YILAN
The snake can grow anywhere from 10cm in length, to the enormous anaconda snake that can reach lengths of up to 30ft long! There are two ways that snakes kill their prey, either the snake has a poisonous bite or the snake will wrap itself around the prey to constrict it.
SPARROW – SERÇE
Sparrows are generally small sized birds that can be easily identified by their smoothly rounded heads. Sparrows range in size from the Chestnut sparrow found in Africa, which is just over 10cm in height, to the Parrot-billed sparrow (also found in Africa) that grows to more than 18cm tall.
SPIDER – ÖRÜMCEK
Spiders are arthropods that have eight legs. They have more legs and different body parts than insects, and they also don’t move around in the same way insects do. Spiders are in the arachnid class, but not all arachnids are spiders. There are about 40,000 known species of spiders. Most spiders use a web to catch their prey, which is usually insects.
SPIDER MONKEY – ÖRÜMCEK MAYMUNU
The spider monkey is found in the tropical jungles of South America, from Southern Mexico to Brazil. The spider monkey generally dos not enter the further southern regions of South America as the terrain becomes mountainous and not to the spider monkey’s taste.
SPONGE – SÜNGER
Sponges are very slow-moving animals that are found across the sea floor. Although many sponges actually move less than a millimetre a day, some adult sponges are actually sessile, which means that they are fixed onto something and do not move at all. Sponges have no organs, and obtain their nutrition from the water that is continuously flowing through them.
SQUIRREL – SİNCAP
There are many different species of squirrel natively found in the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa. Squirrels are small rodents generally between 10 cm and 20 cm tall, although some species of squirrel-like marmots and prairie dogs around the size of a small beaver.
STARFISH – DENİZ YILDIZI
The starfish feeds on oysters and clams, the 2 stomachs of the starfish helping with the digestion of complex organisms. The starfish uses one stomach to begin the digestion of the food, and the other stomach to expand outwards and engulf their prey. Starfish can be found in the oceans all around the world.
STARLING – SIĞIRCIK
Starlings are a familiar sight in our gardens, male and females are identical. There is only one other yellow billed black bird that could be confused with the Starling, that is the Black Bird, however on close inspection they are very different. Compared to Black Birds, Starlings are much smaller (20cm), shorter tailed and ‘move’ differently. Starlings tend to walk rather than hop and will cover ground fairly quickly.
STORK – LEYLEK
The white stork has a strong body which measures 100 – 115 centimetres (39 – 45 inches) from beak tip to tail end and weighs 2.5 – 4.4 kilograms. It has a wingspan of 195 – 215 centimetres (77 – 85 inches). The white stork is a distinctive large wading bird which has a white plumage with black flight feathers and wing coverts. The black colouration is caused by the pigment melanin and carotenoids in their diet.
STURGEON – MERSİN BALIĞI
Sturgeon is the general name referring to 26 individual species of fish from the biological family Acipenseridae. Out of the 26 species, over 20 are just commonly referred to as Sturgeon. The remaining few are distinct but closely related species, examples including the Beluga and the Kaluga. The Sturgeon is one of the oldest species of bony fish in the world.
SWALLOW – KIRLANGIÇ
Swallow, any of the approximately 90 species of the bird family Hirundinidae (order Passeriformes). A few, including the bank swallow, are called martins. Swallows are small, with pointed narrow wings, short bills, and small weak feet; some species have forked tails. Plumage may be plain or marked with metallic blue or green; the sexes look alike in most species.
SWAN – KUĞU
Swans are omnivorous birds but have a very vegetarian diet. Swans eat underwater vegetation such as seaweed and aquatic plants when they are on the water and a mixture of plants, seeds and berries when they are on land. Swans also eat insects both water and land-based and the occasional small fish.