Samsun ilinin ingilizce olarak tanıtım yazısı. Samsun’un tarihi ve özellikleri nelerdir, hakkında ile ilgili İngilizce yazı
Samsun İngilizce Tanıtımı
Samsun, is a city in Turkey on the Black Sea and capital of Samsun province. It is about 200 miles (322 km) northwest of Ankara. Samsun is an important commercial center and is Turkey’s one of most important tobacco port. It also exports grain, wool, and hides and manufactures cigarettes.
Athenian Greeks from Miletus founded a colony in 562 b. c., calling it Amisus. Romans conquered it in the 1st century b. c., and it later passed to the Byzantine Empire. In the late 11th century Amisus was besieged by the Turks who, failing to take it, built the stronghold of Samsun 1.5 miles (2.5 km) to the southeast. Christian Amisus and Muslim Samsun stood side by side until 1425, when the Ottomans marched on Amisus. Genoese traders in Amisus set the city on fire and fled by ship. It was never rebuilt. Samsun kept its importance until the Russian annexation of the Crimea in 1783 cut off its most important source of trade.
The city was rebuilt after a disastrous fire in 1869, and its commerce revived with the development of steam navigation. In 1919, Kemal Atatürk landed at Samsun on his way to the interior to organize resistance to the Greek invasion. An equestrian statue commemorates his landing.
The province, with an area of 3,626 square miles (9,391 sq km), has a fertile coastal strip, which widens at the river mouths, backed by the rugged, wooded Canik Mountains. The province produces the highest quality tobacco in Turkey.