Kirpi (Hedgehog) hayvanının ingilizce olarak tanıtımı. Kirpi hakkında ingilizce bilgi, ingilizce yazı.
Hedgehogs have prickly spines everywhere except on their face, legs, and bellies. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail, and legs, they protect the parts of their bodies that do not have stiff, sharp spines. Often compared to pincushions, hedgehogs depend on their spines for defense—both while they sleep and when they face enemies.
The head and body of adult hedgehogs range from 5 to 12 inches (13 to 30 centimeters) long and their tail can add 1 to 2 inches (3-5 centimeters).
When hedgehogs are born—up to seven in a litter—their spines are soft and short. Soon after birth, their spines harden, becoming stiffer, sharper, and longer. Babies stay in the nest until they’re about three weeks old. By that time, their eyes are open, their spines are effective, and they can safely follow their mother outside the nest as she looks for food.
Top on the hedgehog’s menu are insects, followed by small mice, snails, lizards, frogs, eggs, and even snakes.
Hedgehogs sometimes add extra protection to their spines by “self-anointing.” Immune to poisons in some plants, hedgehogs sometimes eat those plants and then make a frothy saliva in their mouths. The hedgehogs then lick their spines, spreading the saliva with the plant’s poison all over the spikes. Though hedgehogs mainly stay on the ground, they swim quite well and even climb trees.
Interesting Hedgehog Facts:
- Hedgehog can reach 6 to 8 inches in length and 0.5 to 1.25 pounds of weight.
- Hedgehog has elongated snout and body covered with 5000 to 6500 quills. Each quill is hard, hollowed hair whose interior consists of numerous air pockets. Unlike the porcupine, hedgehog does not have barbed or poisonous quills that can be easily removed from the body.
- Hedgehog replaces old quills with new ones each year.
- Hedgehog covers its quills with foamy saliva after exposure to strong, unpleasant smell or taste. This behavior is known as self-anointing. Some researchers believe that self-anointing can provide camouflage (blending with the scents in the area that hedgehog inhabits) or serve as a source of potential infection for the predators (when they touch quills).
- Hedgehog is active during the night (nocturnal animal). It sleeps during the day usually hidden under the bushes or in the underground den.
- Hedgehog has poor eyesight, but excellent senses of hearing and smell which facilitate detection of food.
- Hedgehog is an omnivore. Its diet is based on insects, centipedes, mice, slugs, snails, caterpillars, frogs, mushrooms and berries. Just like moles and opossums, hedgehogs are immune to snake venom.
- Hedgehog can be often found in the hedges where it produces pig-like grunts while it searches food (hence the name “hedgehog”).
- Species of hedgehog that inhabit cold areas hibernate during the winter in the nests made of grass and leaves. Fat reserves accumulated in the body during the autumn serve as the major source of energy during this period.
- Hedgehog is fast animal, agile climber and good swimmer. When it cannot escape from a danger, hedgehog curls its body into a ball (to protect head, feet and belly) and exposes its quills toward the predator.
- Natural enemies of hedgehogs are foxes, ferrets, mongooses and owls.
Hedgehog is a solitary creature.
- Mating season of hedgehogs takes place between April and September.
- Male circulates around the female to initiate mating and leaves female shortly after the copulation (he doesn’t take part in the rearing of the babies).
- Pregnancy lasts 35 to 58 days and ends with one to eleven babies known as hoglets. Babies are blind and covered with soft quills at birth. They stay with their mother until the age of 4 to 7 weeks.
- Hedgehog can survive 4 to 7 years in the wild.