Mamutun ingilizce tanıtımı. Mamut, Mammoth nasıl bir hayvandır, yaşam koşulları, özellikleri ile ilgili ingilizce bilgi, yazı.
Mammoths are extinct relatives of today’s elephants. They lived during the last ice age, and they may have died off when the weather became warmer and their food supply changed. Humans may also be partly responsible for their disappearance due to hunting. Although the word “mammoth” has come to mean “huge,” woolly mammoths were probably about the size of African elephants.
Their ears were smaller than those of today’s elephants. This was probably an adaptation to the cold climate that kept their ears closer to their heads and kept them warmer. Their tusks were very long, about 15 feet (5 meters) and were used for fighting and digging in the deep snow. Mammoths were herbivores and ate mostly grass, but also ate other types of plants and flowers.
Interesting Woolly mammoth Facts:
- Woolly mammoth was 9 to 11 feet tall and it weighted 5 to 7 tons.
- Asian elephant is the closest living relative of woolly mammoth.
- Woolly mammoth had long, shaggy, light to dark brown or black coat and thick layer of fat (of 4 inches) under the skin to prevent freezing in the extremely cold environment.
- Woolly mammoth had large head, massive body with sloping backs and large humps on the shoulders. It had smaller ears and shorter tail than elephants to prevent heat loss and frostbites.
- Woolly mammoth had large, curved and asymmetrical tusks that were 10 to 15 feet long. Tusks were used for fight with other males and for the protection against predators such as wolves, wild cats and cave hyenas.
- Tusks of woolly mammoth can be used to determine the age (number of rings on the cross section), health condition (thinness or thickness of the ring), and time of the year when animal died (dark rings were characteristic for the summer).
- Diet of woolly mammoth was based on the leaves, fruits, berries, nuts, and twigs.
- Woolly mammoth had lived and traveled in large family groups led by the oldest female.
- An average lifespan of woolly mammoth was 60 years.
- First complete skeleton of woolly mammoth was found in 1799. German naturalist Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau successfully assembled all the bones except the tusks (tips of the tusks were positioned outwards).
- Woolly mammoths trapped in the large pieces of ice managed to “survive” till modern days with intact muscles and blood tissue.
- Tusks of woolly mammoth are the only type of ivory that can be legally sold today (unlike elephant ivory). Thanks to the price of 400 dollars per pound, tusks of woolly mammoth are very popular among tusks-hunters.
- French adventurers have used well-preserved carcasses of mammoth as a source of food during the expeditions to the North Pole in the 19th century.
- Woolly mammoths were very popular among neolithic artists. Only Rouffignac cave in France is home of 158 pictures of woolly mammoth.
- Woolly mammoths were very important for the people. They served as a source of meat, bones and tusks that were used for the manufacture of art objects, music instruments, tools, furniture and shelters.