Uğur böceği (Ladybird veya ladybug) ingilizce olarak tanıtımı, uğur böceği hakkında ingilizce bilgilendirme yazısı.
NAME: LADYBUG – LADYBIRD
The ladybugs are a family of small beetles, ranging from 0.8 to 18 mm (0.0315 to 0.708 inches). They are commonly yellow, orange, or red with small black spots on their wing covers, with black legs, heads and antennae. Coccinellidae are known as ladybugs in North America, and ladybirds in other areas. Entomoragists in the United States widely prefer the names ladybird beetles or lady beetlesas these insects are not true bugs.
İsim: Uğur Böceği
Uğur Böcekleri 0.8 ile 18 mm (0.0315 ila 0.708 inç) arasında değişen küçük böceklerden oluşan bir ailenin türüdür. Genellikle sarı, turuncu veya kırmızıdır, kanat kapaklarında siyah ayaklar, başlıklar ve antenler bulunan küçük siyah lekeler bulunur. Coccinellidae, Kuzey Amerika’da bayan böcek (ladybug), diğer bölgelerde ise bayan kuş (ladybird) olarak bilinir. Bu böcekler gerçek böcek değildir.
Ladybirds (British English, Australian English, South African English), ladybugs (North American English) or lady beetles (preferred by some scientists) belong to the family Coccinellidae. The family name comes from its type genus, Coccinella. Coccinellids are found worldwide, with over 5,000 species described, more than 450 native to North America alone. Ladybirds are small insects, ranging from 1 millimetre to 10 millimetres (0.04 to 0.4 inches) and are commonly yellow, orange or scarlet with small black spots on their wing covers, with black legs, head and antennae.
There are over 100 species of ladybirds in europe, of which 40 species are resident in the British Isles. The most common ladybirds are the two-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata) and the larger seven-spot ladybird (Coccinella septempunctata). The number of spots on a ladybird determines what kind of ladybird it is. The two-spot ladybird has very similar habits to the seven-spot ladybird. Two-spot ladybirds are 4 – 6 millimetres in length. Seven-spot ladybirds are 5 – 8 millimetres in length.
Most ladybirds eat aphids (greenfly), mealy bugs, coccids (scale insects) and whitefly, and of course other garden pests that damage plants and crops. Ladybird larvae can eat up to 25 aphids a day and an adult ladybird can eat over 50 aphids a day.
Some species of ladybird are herbivorous and feed only on mildews and microscopic plant fungi which is helpful because it can reduce the onset of certain fungal diseases in plants.
Adult ladybirds hibernate all winter. They snuggle up in dense vegetation, under logs and sometimes become residents of your home, sleeping in door frames, folds in curtains, in sheds and outhouses. If you do find one nesting in your home, spare a thought for the good work they do around your garden and coax it gently into an aired jar and put it in your shed or some other sheltered place to finish its sleep through the winter time.