Kartalın ingilizce tanıtımı. Kel kartal, bald eagle nasıl bir hayvandır, yaşam koşulları, özellikleri ile ilgili ingilizce bilgi, yazı.
BALD EAGLE: A bald eagle’s white head may make it look bald. But actually the name comes from an old English word, “balde,” meaning white. These graceful birds have been the national symbol of the United States since 1782.
Bald eagles were on the brink of extinction because of hunting and pollution. But laws created almost 40 years ago have helped protect them, and they’ve made a comeback.
Female bald eagles are a bit bigger than males. Their bodies can be three feet (one meter) long, and their wingspan can be eight feet (2.4 meters) across. That’s about the distance from the floor to the ceiling!
Eagle nests are called aeries (AIR-ees). Bald eagles build their nests at the very top of tall trees so the eggs will be safe. Some parents come back year after year to the same nest, adding more sticks, twigs, and grass each time.
Babies, called eaglets, are born light gray then turn brown. When they are four to five years old, they develop their normal white heads and tails. In the wild, they can live to be 35 years old or more.
Bald eagles can soar over 10,000 feet (3,048 meters) high, and their great eyesight lets them see fish up to a mile (1.6 kilometers) away. When they attack, they drop down at up to 100 miles (161 kilometers) an hour! Then they glide just above the water, snag a fish with their feet, and fly off to eat it.
Interesting Bald Eagle Facts:
- Bald eagles are not bald at all. Eagle looks “bald” because white feathers on the head are in contrast with dark brown feathers on the rest of the body.
- They have around 7000 feathers. They are light, but strong.
- Adult eagles are 3 feet tall and weigh up to 9 pounds. Females are larger than males.
- Their wingspan ranges from 5.5 to 7.5 feet.
- Bald eagles fly 35 miles per hour. When they “dive” through the air to catch the prey, they can reach 100 miles per hour.
- They eat fish, other birds, muskrats and turtles. Hooked beak helps them tear apart their prey.
- Bald eagles will steal hunt from other birds or even humans (during fishing) thanks to their speed and sharp claws.
- Bald eagles breathe air using the holes on their beaks called “nares”.
- They have excellent eyesight and see things 4-7 times better than humans.
- Although they don’t have vocal cords, they use sounds to communicate. They produce squeaking and screeching sounds by pushing the air through the bones in their neck.
- Bald eagles build large nests. Largest known nest was 20 feet deep, 13 feet wide and weighed nearly 3 tones.
- Bald eagles are monogamous, which means that one pair of eagles stays together for the rest of their life.
- Young birds are dark in color. When they turn 5 years, they will start resembling their parents.
- Bald eagle has been national emblem of the United States ever since 1782.
- They live 28 years in the wild and up to 36 years in captivity.