Yiyecek ve içecek isimlerinin ingilizceleri, resimleri. Resimli ingilizce yiyecek ve içecekler,fruits, vegetables and dairy foods, açıklamaları
İngilizce Yiyecek ve İçecekler
İngilizce sebzeler – Vegetables
Green vegetables or greens include leaf vegetables like spinach and cabbage as well as certain legumes like peas and string beans. Many vegetables have seeds inside, and the best-known of these include pumpkin, squash, eggplant and the many kinds of pepper like the green pepper, chilli pepper and the bell pepper or capsicum. Salad vegetables such as lettuce and cucumber are eaten raw while other vegetables, including cauliflower, mushrooms and stem vegetables like asparagus and celery, can be eaten either raw or cooked.
- bulb. (noun): a round underground part of certain plants like onion and garlic plants – Lots of flowers like tulips and daffodils are grown from bulbs.
- greens. (noun): green vegetables – Mum says we have to eat our greens before we have dessert.
- leaf vegetable. (noun): a leaf or leafy plant that’s eaten as a vegetable, like spinach – There are hundreds of leaf vegetables in Africa that we’ve never heard of.
- legume. (noun): a seed that grows in a pod, like a pea or bean – A healthy diet includes lots of legumes.
- raw. (adjective): not cooked – Some people think cooking destroys vitamins so they eat lots of raw food.
- root vegetable. (noun): a vegetable that grows under the ground, like potato and carrot – If root vegetables aren’t harvested in time, they can rot in the ground.
- salad vegetable. (noun): a vegetable that’s often used in salads – All the salad vegetables are in the same part of the supermarket.
- vegetable. (noun): part of a plant that can be cooked and eaten with a main course – The more fruit and vegetables we eat, the healthier we’ll be.
İngilizce Meyveler – Fruits
There are also many delicious subtropical fruits that grow in slightly cooler climates like the Middle East. Olives, figs, dates and grapes have been eaten for thousands of years in the Middle Eat, either as fresh fruits or dried fruits like the various kinds of dried grape we now call raisins, sultanas and currants. Citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, limes and grapefruit are also subtropical fruits, famous for their high levels of vitamin C. Melons are large, thick-skinned fruits that can grow in both tropical and subtropical climates. The most popular melons include the cantaloupe, the honeydew and the juicy and refreshing watermelon.
- berry. (noun): any small juicy fruit with many tiny seeds like a strawberry – We went out to pick berries, but we ate them all on the way home.
- citrus fruit. (noun): a fruit with lots of Vitamin C like an orange or lemon – Sailors took citrus fruits on long voyages to make sure they got enough Vitamin C.
- dried fruit. (noun): fruit that’s had water removed from it, like raisins – I like breakfast foods that have dried fruit in them, like muesli.
- fruit. (noun): part of a plant that has seeds or a stone and is eaten raw when ripe – People used to eat fresh fruit between meals, but these days they eat candy bars and donuts instead.
- melon. (noun): a large round fruit with a hard skin and soft flesh inside – There were many different melons at the market, so we got a watermelon and a cantaloupe.
- stone fruit (also drupe). (noun): a fruit with soft flesh around a large stone, like a plum or peach. Be careful if you’re picking stone fruits because they can bruise if you drop them.
- ripe. (adjective): (of fruit only) ready to eat after growing to full size – If a papaya’s still green, it isn’t ripe yet, so wait until it turns yellow or orange.
- temperate fruit. (noun): any fruit that only grows in a cool or cold climate – Many temperate fruits like apples are hard, but most tropical fruits are soft.
- tropical fruit. (noun): any fruit that grows in a warm, tropical climate – My favourite tropical fruit is the durian. It tastes like heaven!
Dairy Foods – Günlük Yiyecekler
People have been raising animals like horses, donkeys, camels, goats, sheep and cows for thousands of years. They were raised for meat and skins as well as for milk. If female animals were producing milk to feed their young, people could also drink it if they milked the animals. The milk spoiled if it wasn’t drunk within a day or two, so people found ways to turn it into foods that lasted longer. These foods became what we now call dairy foods.
Dairy Foods Vocabulary
- blue cheese. (noun): cheese containing blue mould, such as Stilton and Danish Blue – What’s that blue cheese on the cheese platter?
- butter. (noun): a solid, pale yellow dairy food made by churning cream – Oh no! We’ve run out of butter!
- cheese. (noun): a soft or hard food made from milk curds that’s used in cooking or eaten on crackers, bread, etc. – The best cheeses are really expensive.
- cooking cheese. (noun): any cheese that’s mostly used in cooking – If we’re serving French food, we’ll need some cooking cheese.
- cottage cheese. (noun): soft, lumpy white cheese made from skimmed milk curds – Would you like some cottage cheese in your sandwich?
- cream. (noun): thick, high-fat liquid from milk that’s used in cooking and with desserts – We had fruit salad and fresh cream for dessert.
- cream cheese. (noun): a soft smooth white cheese with a very mild taste – We could have some crackers and cream cheese.
- dairy foods. (noun): milk and all the foods made from milk – All the dairy foods are up the back of the supermarket.
- feta. (noun): a soft white goat’s milk cheese from Greece – I’m making a Greek spinach pie so I’ll need some feta.
- gelato (noun): Italian-style ice cream. I’d never tried gelato before I went to Italy.
- infant formula or baby formula. (noun): a processed baby food made with powdered milk – Is natural mother’s milk better for babies than infant formula?
- margarine. (noun): a butter-like substance made from vegetable oils or animal fats – You don’t like margarine more than butter, do you?
- milk. (noun): 1. a natural liquid food that female mammals produce for their young 2. cow’s milk – Do you have milk in your coffee?
- milk. (verb): to get milk from a cow or other animal, either by hand or with a milking machine – We milk our cows every morning and evening.
- mould. (noun): a container that gives a solidifying liquid its final shape – They must use rectangular moulds to make their hard cheeses.
- mould. (noun): tiny green, blue, or white fungi that can grow on or in certain foods – How much mould should a blue cheese have?
- powdered milk. (noun): a powder made from dried milk – Carrying powdered milk is better because it’s lighter than milk.
- processed cheese. (noun): cheese made in a factory with many added chemicals. – Why did you get processed cheese instead of real cheese?
- skimmed milk. (noun): milk that’s had the cream taken out of it. – Skimmed milk has less fat than full cream milk.
- Swiss cheese. (noun): any semi-hard cheese with holes in it. – Can you slice some Swiss cheese for the sandwiches?
- table cheese. (noun): any cheese that’s meant to be served at table rather than used in cooking. – Of all their table cheeses, the Jarlsberg is best.
- yoghurt or yogurt. (noun): a soft dairy food made by fermenting milk. – My kids love those little containers of yoghurt with bits of fruit in them.