C harfiyle başlayan ingilizce meyve ve sebze (vegetables and fruits) isimleri, Türkçe karşılıkları.. Baş harfi C olan ingilizce meyveler ve sebzeler.
C Harfiyle Başlayan İngilizce Meyveler ve Sebzeler
CABBAGE – LAHANA
Cabbage is very popular vegetable that belongs to the family Brassicaceae. This plant is closely related to broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. Domestic varieties originate from wild cabbage that naturally grows in England and Mediterranean areas. Cabbage requires a lot of waters and nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium for successful growth. Cabbage is one of the oldest cultivated vegetables in Europe. It is part of human diet more than 1000 years. Cabbage has high nutritional value and it is often used in folk medicine for treatment of numerous diseases. Some types of cabbage are cultivated in ornamental purposes.
CANTALOUPE – KAVUN
Cantaloupe, also known as muskmelon (in the USA) or rockmelon (in Australia) is a flowering plant that belongs to the pumpkin family. Exact origin of cantaloupe is unknown. Most researchers believe that it originates either from Persia, India or Africa. Cantaloupe was very popular and often cultivated in the ancient Egypt. Cultivation of cantaloupe in Europe started during the 15th century. Christopher Columbus brought cantaloupe to America on one of his voyages to the New World. Cantaloupe requires high temperatures during the summer and plenty of water for the successful development. It grows on fertile, well-drained soil, exposed to direct sunlight. People cultivate cantaloupes because of their delicious fruit.
CAPER – KAPARİ
Caper, also known as Flinders rose, is deciduous plant that belongs to the caper family. It originates from Mediterranean region and Central Asia, but it can be found around the world today. Caper grows on the poor, rocky, well-drained soil, in hot, arid or semi-arid areas that provide plenty of sun (usually on the sea coast). People cultivate and use caper mostly as condiment. France, Sicily, Spain, California and Florida are the greatest manufacturers of caper in the world.
CARAMBOLA (STAR FRUIT) – CARAMBOLA MEYVESİ
Starfruit, also known as carambola, is an evergreen tree that belongs to the wood sorrel family. It originates from Sri Lanka and the Moluccas Islands, but it can be found in tropical and subtropical areas around the world today. Starfruit grows in hot, frost-free areas, on fertile, slightly acidic loamy soil, exposed to direct sunlight. People cultivate starfruit as a source of food and in ornamental purposes.
CARAWAY – KİMYON
Caraway is herbaceous plant that belongs to the parsley family. It is also known as Persian cumin and Mediterranean fennel (due to similarities in the shape of fruit and leaves). Caraway originates from North Africa, Central Europe and Western Asia. It grows in the warm climate, on fertile, well-drained soil, in areas that provide enough sun. Caraway is part of human diet at least 8.000 years. Ancient Egyptians used caraway in treatment of various disorders. Caraway is still popular and widely used as spice and remedy.
CARDOON – YABANİ ENGİNAR
Cardoon is a tender perennial vegetable grown as an annual. Sow or transplant cardoon into the garden 3 to 4 weeks after the average last frost date in spring. Start cardoon from seed indoors 6 weeks before transplanting it into the garden. Cardoon, which is grown for its young leaf-stalks, will be ready for harvest 120 to 150 days after planting.
CARROT – HAVUÇ
Carrot is a root vegetable that belongs to the family Apiaceae. Closest relatives of carrots are parsley, celery, fennel and cumin. Carrots originate from Afghanistan. First types of carrots were purple and white in color. These carrots were introduced to Europe in the 14th century. Carrots are integral part of human diet because they have high nutritional value and ensure good health.
CASSAVA – MANYOK
Cassava, also known as manioc, tapioca, yucca or sweet potato tree, is a flowering plant that belongs to the spurge family. It originates from South America. Cultivation of cassava started in Peru 4.000 years ago. Cassava was brought to Africa in the 16th century where it instantly became one of the most important crops. Cassava can be found in the tropical regions around the world today. It grows on fertile, well-drained, moist soil in areas that are frost-free. Cassava is cultivated because of its edible root (tuber). Other than that, cassava has application in the industry of fuels and can be used as animal feed.
CAULIFLOWER – KARNABAHAR
Cauliflower belongs to the group of cruciferous vegetables, also known as family of cabbages. It is closely related to broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale and cabbage. Cauliflower originates from Asia Minor. Cultivation of cauliflower started 600 years B.C. in Turkey. Cauliflower gained popularity in Europe in the 16th century, while cultivation in America started at the beginning of the 20th century. Cauliflower requires slightly acidic, clay-like soil that is rich in minerals and regular watering for successful growth. Hundreds varieties of cauliflower are available today. They differ in color, size, shape, taste and nutritional composition. Cauliflower has high nutritional value and it is known as one of the healthiest plants on the planet.
CHICKPEAS – NOHUT
Chickpea, also known as garbanzo, is a legume (belongs to the pea family) that originates from Turkey, Syria and Iran. Cultivation of chickpea started 7000 years BC. It was popular and widely consumed in the ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Chickpea is still one of the most widely cultivated and consumed crops in the world (especially in the poor communities in Africa and Asia). Chickpea grows on a well-drained soil in warm and arid areas that provide enough sun. It is sensitive to frost and heavy rainfall. Chickpea is prone to fungal diseases that can decrease harvest drastically. There are 43 species and numerous varieties of chickpea that are mainly cultivated as a source of food. Other than that, chickpea has application in textile industry and industry of dyes.
CELERY – KEREVİZ
Celery is a type of herbaceous plant that belongs to the parsley family (same family includes carrots, cumin and parsley). Cultivation of celery started 3000 years ago probably in the Mediterranean region. Celery can be found all over the world today. It grows on clay and sandy soils and prefers temperate climate. Celery contains substances that have beneficial effect on the human health. This plant represents integral part of human diet. Besides that, celery has application in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and medical industry.
CHARD – PAZI
Swiss chard is type of beet that belongs to the goosefoot family. It originates from Sicily, but it can be found around the world today. Swiss chard grows on the fertile, slightly acidic soil, exposed to direct sunlight. People cultivate Swiss chard as a source of food. Despite its excellent nutritional profile, Swiss chard is rarely cultivated and consumed outside the Europe.
CHERIMOYA – ÇERİMOYA
Cherimoyas are egg-shaped, globe-shaped or heart-shaped with an unusual velvety, thin skin that is light green in color. The white pulp offers a mild flavor likened to a blend of banana, vanilla, mango, papaya, pineapple and coconut. The refreshing texture is soft, smooth and melting almost custard-like, hence the name custard apple. The flesh is studded with large, black, inedible seeds. Some varieties, though not all, produce scaly depressions on their skin, where the more depressions that develop will indicate a seedier fruit.
CHERRY – KİRAZ – VİŞNE
Cherry is a flowering plant that belongs to family of roses (Rosaceae). This plant originates from Europe, Asia and northern parts of Africa. Cherry can be found in temperate regions around the world today. It cannot be cultivated in tropical areas because seeds need to be exposed to low temperatures to ensure germination. Sweet (also known as wild) and sour cherry are the best known varieties of cherry. Sweet variety is mostly consumed raw. Sour type is usually processed before consumption. Cherries are often used in cosmetic and perfume industry because of their beautiful fragrance. Some varieties of cherry trees are cultivated in ornamental purposes.
CHICORY – BEYAZ HİNDİBA
Chicory is a type of flowering plant that belongs to the sunflower family. It is native to West Asia, North Africa and Europe. Chicory is widely spread in North America, Australia and New Zealand today. It grows in temperate climate, on moderately drained and fertile soil. Wild chicory can be found in the open fields, near the roads and wastelands. People cultivate chicory as a source of food, animal fodder and as medicine.
CHILE PEPPER – ACI BİBER
Red chile peppers grow on medium-sized, shrub-like plants. They mature from green to a crimson or dark red. The darker the color, typically the stronger the flavor. The peppers are long, and tapered; they grow up to 5 and a half inches in length and are about an inch . Red chile peppers average about 30,000-50,000 Scoville heat units, which is about the same as a cayenne pepper. They have an earthy, grassy flavor once the heat subsides. Red chile peppers also have a slight astringency that is masked when the peppers are dried.
CHINESE CABBAGE – ÇİN LAHANASI
Bok choi, also known as white cabbage or leafy Chinese cabbage, is leafy vegetable that belongs to the mustard family. It originates from East Asia. Cultivation of bok choi started 5.000 years ago in China. As from the 18th century, bok choi can be also found in Europe, Australia and North and South America. This plant grows in areas with cold climate, on the moist, fertile soil, exposed to direct sunlight. People cultivate bok choi as a source of food.
CILANTRO – KİŞNİŞ
Cilantro is also known as Chinese Parsley or Coriander, and is virtually used in every cuisine around the world. The leaves of Cilantro have small serrated edges that extend off a single stem. Cilantro’s flavor can be described as a combination of parsley and citrus-like notes.
CITRON – AĞAÇ KAVUNU
Cedro citrons are a very large variety of citrus, usually up to three times the size of common lemons. They measure between 20 and 30 centimeters in diameter and are elongated to roundish with a pronounced mammilla opposite of the stem end. The rind of the citron is very aromatic, and is rich in volatile oils. The surface is wrinkled and pebbled, ripening from a green to a bright yellow. They are sometimes harvested while still green. Around 70% of the lemon is made up of the white pith, or albedo. It can be anywhere from 2 to 5 centimeters thick, and is very soft and fragrant. The center of the fruit contains a small amount of pulp, separated into segments, with several pale seeds. The dry pulp offers very little juice, and in some cultivars, is relatively non-existent. The taste is milder than a common lemon.
COCONUT – HİNDİSTANCEVİZİ
Coconut tree is a plant that belongs to the family Arecaceae. There are over 150 species of coconuts that can be found in 80 different countries throughout the world. Coconut tree grows only in the tropical climate. This plant live on the sandy soil, requires a lot of sunlight and regular rainfalls. Coconut tree does not tolerate low temperatures and low percent of humidity. Cultivated plants are prone to insect attacks which can decrease production of fruit worth of hundreds of million dollars. Coconut is important part of human diet because it contains valuable vitamins and minerals. Other than that, coconuts are used in the production of various wooden items, in the construction industry, in the manufacture of beauty products and as a fuel.
COLLARD GREENS – KARA LAHANA
Collard greens is type of cruciferous vegetable that belongs to the cabbage family. It originates from Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. Collard greens is cultivated in areas with cool climate around the world today. It grows on fertile, well-drained soil, exposed to direct sunlight. Collard greens requires short periods of frost for the production of leaves of the best taste and quality. Collard greens is mostly cultivated as a source of food. In some parts of the world, collard greens is cultivated in ornamental purposes
CORN – MISIR
Corn is a grain that belongs to the family Poaceae. It is one of the most cultivated plants in the world. Corn can be found on all continents except on the Antarctica. It originates from Mesoamerica where it represents integral part of human diet for thousands of years. Corn was brought to Europe at the end of 15th century. Numerous varieties of corn were created via selective breeding since that time. Corn is mostly used in food industry. Other than that, corn is used as biofuel, in the manufacture of numerous chemical products and fabrics.
CRANBERRY – KIZILCIK
Cranberry is an evergreen woody plant that belongs to the heather family. It originates from northeastern parts of North America. Cranberry grows on the poor, acidic soils (such as sandy bogs and marshes) in areas with low temperatures during the summer. This plant was popular and highly prized among Native Americans, who used it as a source of food, medicine and dyes. When European settlers arrived to America, they instantly incorporated cranberries into their diet. Cranberries are cultivated around the world today because of their delicious fruit that acts beneficially on the humans’ health.
CUCUMBER – SALATALIK
Cucumber is a type of flowering plant that belongs to the pumpkin family. This plant originates from South Asia. Cultivation of cucumber started 3000 years ago in India and it quickly spread to the rest of the world. Cucumber was popular and often consumed type of vegetable in the ancient Egypt and Rome. It is still one of the most widely used plants in human diet. Cucumber grows best in warm, subtropical climate, in sunny areas on a fertile, well-drained soil. People cultivate cucumbers mostly as a source of food. Some types of cucumber are cultivated in ornamental purposes.
CURRANT – FRENK ÜZÜMÜ
Black currant is deciduous shrub that belongs to the family of currants. It originates from northern and central parts of Europe and Siberia, but it can be found around the world today. Black currant produces the fruit of best quality in areas that have humid summers and cold winters. It requires fertile, well-drained soil and partial shade for the successful growth. People cultivate black currants because of their delicious, healthy berries.